Actual problems of innovative economy

The journal is added to the the List of printed scientific professional publications in the field of economic Sciences by the Ministry of education and science of Ukraine from 11.07.2016 No. 820
The journal is indexed in the International Scientific Center of Index Copernicus International

Socio-economic imperatives of the state and the development of the vegetable market: the macroeconomic aspect

УДК 338.439.5:635

Nitsenko V. S., доктор економічних наук, доцент,
Одеського національного університету імені І. І. Мечникова
Sahaidak M. P., доктор економічних наук, доцент, ДВНЗ «Київський національний економічний університет ім. В. Гетьмана»
Berezhna Yu. H., кандидат економічних наук, ст. викладач, Луганський національний аграрний університет
Tsukanov O. Yu., кандидат економічних наук, доцент, Одеський національний політехнічний університет

Аннотация.

Vegetable production is an important part of the agrarian sector and the food market of any country. Recent trends demonstrate a steady increase in world vegetable production, due to the following reasons: globalization and glocalization, population growth and uneven vegetable production across countries. China is the undisputed world leader in the production of vegetable products, it accounts for almost 16% of the market. Ukraine, although being an agrarian state, has remained a net importer of vegetables over the past few years. The imperfections of national legislation and the lack of state support led to the disproportion in the development of the vegetable industry. The most advanced countries-producers of vegetables concentrate production in farms and vertical companies, while in Ukraine the households dominate. The latter’s share in the total use of agricultural land for the needs of vegetable production equals 92.3% alongside with their share in the gross production of vegetables – 85.9%. Under such conditions, the formation of homogeneous lots of vegetable products is complicated, which negatively affects the volume of exports. All this accentuate the need for the development of programs and strategies of the development of the horticulture sector at the state level, the improvement of the logistics infrastructure, increase in the efficiency of the use of available agro-resource potential and restoration of the sector attractiveness for large companies-investors in order to enhance the image of the agrarian country on foreign markets.

Keywords: vegetable market, export-import of vegetables, chain of vegetable production, glocalization, sustainable development, socio-economic imperatives.

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The article was received 08.08.2018