Actual problems of innovative economy

The journal is added to the the List of printed scientific professional publications in the field of economic Sciences by the Ministry of education and science of Ukraine from 11.07.2016 No. 820
The journal is indexed in the International Scientific Center of Index Copernicus International

Resource potential of the agrarian economy of Ukraine and the effectiveness of its use

УДК 330.15:631.115

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36887/2524-0455-2019-2-6

КРЮКОВА І.О.,
доктор економічних наук, доцент
Одеський державний аграрний університет (м. Одеса, Україна)

Abstract

Introduction. The essence of the category “resource potential” and its composition regarding the agrarian sphere of production are considered in the article. The main components of the resource potential of agricultural production under various methodological concepts are: land resources, labor resources, material and technical resources, financial and information resources. It is determined that the agrarian economy of Ukraine has significant resource potential. The place of Ukraine in the world agribusiness rating was investigated. The modern indicator of value added per 1 worker in the agricultural economy has proved that Ukraine occupies 67 in the world.

Results. The main components of the business environment of the national agrarian economy from the positions of international assessments have been analyzed. The most problematic elements of the business environment of the agrarian economy today are seed production, transportation, fertilizers and information and communication technologies.

The analysis of the quantitative and value composition of the resource potential of the agrarian economy is carried out. The most problematic trends in the modern agricultural economy are characterized by such components as labor resources and fixed capital.

The key problems of formation, use and valuation of the resource potential of the agrarian economy are identified here. The lack market value of agricultural land and the land market today is one of the main problems in assessing the resource potential of the agricultural economy.

The modern trends in the level of effectiveness of the use of the resource potential of the agricultural sector of production in the context of the main indicators of the effectiveness of the development of the national economy are considered. The efficiency level of the agrarian economy over the past few years is significantly higher compared to other sectors and types of economic activity in Ukraine.

Key words: resource potential, productive resources, agrarian economy, agrarian sphere, effectiveness, efficiency, national economy.

References

  1. Zovnishnya torgivlya Ukrainy tovaramy ta poslugamy. (2017). [Foreign trade of Ukraine with goods and services. 2017]. Derzavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy. State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Kyiv. Available at: http://ukrstat.gov.ua/druk/publicat/kat_u/2018/zb/06/zb_ztutp2017.pdf
  2. Rossoha, V. V. (2005). «Methodological aspects of formation and development of potential of agrarian sector enterprises of agroindustrial complex». Economica APC. no. 8. pp. 36-38.
  3. Zinchenko, T. Ye. (2011). «The current state of use of land resources of agglomerations». Naukovyy visnyk LNTU. no. 21.12. pp. 115-120.
  4. Marmul, L. O. and Romanova, V. A. (2007). Regionalne upravlinnya ta reguluvannya vykorystannya zemelnyh resursyv. [Regional management and regulation of land use]. IAE. К Ukraine.
  5. Andryychuk, V. G. and Sas, I.S. (2017). «Methodical approaches to the definition of land use limits in the face of the threat of monopolization of the land lease market». Economica APC. no. 8. pp. 22-28.
  6. Mesel-Veselyak, V. Ya. and Fedorov, M. M. (2016). «New methodical approaches to improving the normative monetary valuation of agricultural land». Economica APC. no. 2. pp. 22-29.
  7. Ulyanchenko, O. V. (2010). Resursnyy potencial agrarnogo sectora economyky Ukrainy: upravlinskyy aspect. [Resource potential of the agrarian sector of Ukraine’s economy: management aspect]. Sumy. Ukraine.
  8. Krasnoruckyy O. O. and Rudenko, S. V. (2016). «Conceptual approaches to management of economic potential of agrarian enterprises». Ukrainskyy zhurnal prykladnoy economiky. no. 1(3). pp. 77-84.
  9. Silske gospodarstvo Ukrainy (2017). [Agriculture of Ukraine. 2017]. Derzavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy. State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Kyiv. Available at: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua
  10. Agrobisnes Ukrainy. [Business Wiews]. Available at: https:// com.ua/ru/ economy/ id/20-grafikov-i-kart-kotorye-dostupno-objasnjajut-agrobiznes-ukrainy-328
  11. Diyalnist subectiv gospodaruvannya (2017). [Activity of economic entities. 2017]. Derzavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy. State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Kyiv. Available at: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua
  12. World Bank Group. Enabling the Business of Agriculture. (2017). Available at: http://eba. org/en/data/exploretopics/additional-indicators.
  13. Dyvanbeygy R., Saliola F. Reguluvannya I transformaciya silskogo gospodarstva. (2016). Available at: http://pubdocs.worldbank.org /en/354301534213567521 /EBA17
  14. Stan kredytuvannya pidpryemstv APC (2017). [The modern state of crediting enterprises of agroindustrial complex. 2017]. Official site of the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine. Available at: http://minagro.gov.ua/node/25271

The article was received 16.03.2019