Introduction. The essence of the category “resource potential” and its composition regarding the agrarian sphere of production are considered in the article. The main components of the resource potential of agricultural production under various methodological concepts are: land resources, labor resources, material and technical resources, financial and information resources. It is determined that the agrarian economy of Ukraine has significant resource potential. The place of Ukraine in the world agribusiness rating was investigated. The modern indicator of value added per 1 worker in the agricultural economy has proved that Ukraine occupies 67 in the world.
Results. The main components of the business environment of the national agrarian economy from the positions of international assessments have been analyzed. The most problematic elements of the business environment of the agrarian economy today are seed production, transportation, fertilizers and information and communication technologies.
The analysis of the quantitative and value composition of the resource potential of the agrarian economy is carried out. The most problematic trends in the modern agricultural economy are characterized by such components as labor resources and fixed capital.
The key problems of formation, use and valuation of the resource potential of the agrarian economy are identified here. The lack market value of agricultural land and the land market today is one of the main problems in assessing the resource potential of the agricultural economy.
The modern trends in the level of effectiveness of the use of the resource potential of the agricultural sector of production in the context of the main indicators of the effectiveness of the development of the national economy are considered. The efficiency level of the agrarian economy over the past few years is significantly higher compared to other sectors and types of economic activity in Ukraine.
Key words: resource potential, productive resources, agrarian economy, agrarian sphere, effectiveness, efficiency, national economy.
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The article was received 16.03.2019