Actual problems of innovative economy

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Regional aspects of agribusiness development in Ukraine: cluster analysis

УДК: 332.133.6

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36887/2524-0455-2021-1-1

Ларіна Тетяна Федорівна,
доктор економічних наук, доцент, завідувач кафедри
агрологістики і управління ланцюгами постачань, Харківський національний технічний університет сільського господарства ім. Петра Василенка,
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3149-8430
Моісєєва Наталія Іванівна,
доктор економічних наук, доцент, завідувач кафедри ЮНЕСКО «Філософія людського спілкування» та соціально-гуманітарних дисциплін,
Харківський національний технічний університет сільського господарства імені Петра Василенка, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6349-7892
Азізов Отабег,
кандидат економічних наук, асистент кафедри маркетингу та медіакомунікацій, Харківський національний технічний університет сільського господарства
імені Петра Василенка,
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5806-8671

The article is devoted to the study of regional aspects of agribusiness development in Ukraine. The cluster approach was chosen as the basic method of analysis. The composition of the classification features is formed taking into account the quantitative parameters (sale for slaughter of farm animals (live weight), milk production in enterprises, the number of eggs obtained from poultry; the cost of agricultural products sold by enterprises) and quality indicators (productivity labor in enterprises engaged in agricultural activities (thousand UAH per 1 employee), the level of profitability of agricultural production in all enterprises by region (cereals and legumes), yield c per 1 ha of harvested area of cereals and legumes). As a result of construction of the dendrogram the structure of regions of Ukraine is presented by four clusters. The information-statistical base of the analysis consisted of data provided by the State Statistics Service. The research horizon covers 2019 and 2020. The indicators with the largest and smallest variability in intercluster gradations are determined. The latter included the number of eggs obtained from poultry, million pieces; labor productivity in enterprises engaged in agricultural activities (thousand UAH per 1 employee); sale for slaughter of farm animals (live weight), thousand tons. On the basis of graphic visualization of descriptive statistics within the formed clusters the areas-leaders, areas with average indicators of efficiency, areas with insufficient level of efficiency of agrarian sector, areas-outsiders are allocated. The connection between the level of specialization and economic efficiency of the regions is established: the regions of Cluster 4 (leading regions) are characterized by complex development of crop and livestock production, the regions of Cluster 2 (areas with average performance) specialize in crop production, the regions of Cluster 1 level of productivity of the agricultural sector) are developing with the predominance of the livestock industry, the regions of Cluster 3 (outsider areas) are depressed in the development of both areas of agricultural production.

Keywords: agribusiness, regional development, cluster analysis, animal husbandry, crop production, clustering of regions, ranking of regions.

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The article was received 17.12.2020