Actual problems of innovative economy

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Modern features of agricultural logistics

УДК: 65.012.34:63

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36887/2524-0455-2021-2-10

Резнік Надія Петрівна
доктор економічних наук, професор кафедри логістики,
Національний авіаційний університет, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9588-5929
Дивнич Ольга Дмитрівна
кандидат економічних наук, доцент, доцент кафедри економіки та міжнародних економічних відносин, Полтавський державний аграрний університет,
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0290-4030
Власюк Валерія Валеріївна
здобувач вищої освіти факультету економіки та бізнес-адміністрування спеціальності маркетингу, Національний авіаційний університет

This article identifies the features of the logistics system of the agricultural sector and the factors influencing the formation of logistics supply chains. It is determined that agrologistics is a field of logistics in which its methods and provisions are used in the field of agricultural production. Agrologistics combines such areas of the agro-industrial complex as growing products, transporting them, storing them, harvesting them, processing them and selling them. It is agrologistics that allows specialists in the agricultural sector to focus on the organization of the logistics sector directly for agricultural products. Factors that may influence the formation of logistics supply chains and features of logistics in the agro-industrial complex, due to the conditions of its operation, are also identified.

The purpose of the article is to determine the essence of agricultural logistics and features of the supply chain model in the agro-industrial complex.

The main tasks of agrologistics are: food safety and competitiveness of agricultural products, reduction of product delivery time and development of cooperation with international trade and shipping companies, introduction of modern technologies of collection, processing, transportation, storage and distribution of agricultural products, etc. The article also describes the role and importance of transportation of products and transportation in the agro-industrial sector. The whole process of forming stocks of raw materials, fuel, industrial and agricultural products depends on transport. The model of the supply chain in an agricultural enterprise is defined, which can be represented by three links: supplier, agricultural enterprise and consumers, between which information (collection and processing of information) and material (transportation, warehousing, etc.) flows.

Keywords: logistics, agro-industrial complex, agriculture, enterprises, agro-logistics, logistics supply chains, transport.

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The article was received 12.02.2021