Actual problems of innovative economy

The journal is added to the the List of printed scientific professional publications in the field of economic Sciences by the Ministry of education and science of Ukraine from 11.07.2016 No. 820
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Justification of selective levers of anti-cyclic regulation of agricultural complex branches

УДК: 330.33

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36887/2524-0455-2021-1-4

Кулаковська Тетяна Анатоліївна,
кандидат економічних наук, доцент, доцент кафе-дри економіки промисловості, Одеська національна
академія харчових технологій,
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3391-9617

Abstract

Introduction. The issue of levers of countercyclical regulation of various sectors of the economy is in the focus of scientific research for a short period of time. The initial stage of knowledge of these scientific issues was characterized by the dominance of views on the key role of market self-regulation, it was believed that this allows to get rid of long-term fluctuations in market conditions. Processes such as globalization of markets, concentration of capital, monopolization of the economy lead to cyclical economy. The result of these processes is also an exacerbation of internal structural imbalances. This requires a study of sectoral characteristics of levers of countercyclical regulation of industries, in particular in the field of agricultural production and processing.

The purpose of the article is to determine the set of selective levers of countercyclical regulation of the agro-industrial complex and substantiate their classification for the business sector and population demand.

Results. The range of economic methods of state policy is determined, which includes budget (fiscal) policy, monetary (monetary) policy, foreign economic policy, investment policy, socio-psychological policy. The peculiarities of the state support of the agro-industrial complex and the provision of soft loans to the subjects of agro-industrial production are revealed. Measures to support effective consumer demand as an important aspect of maintaining the balance of the national economy are proposed. It is established that the use of preferential VAT rates will significantly reduce the retail price of food, thus increasing the effective purchasing demand. The classification of selective tools of countercyclical sectoral regulation for the business sector and population demand is carried out.  It is established that the proposed tools have significant potential for the implementation of the policy of selective antique sectoral regulation.

Keywords: countercyclical regulation, levers of countercyclical regulation, state support, preferential taxation, agro-industrial complex.

References.

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The article was received 05.12.2020