Introduction. On September 25, 2015, 193 UN member states adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It includes 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 tasks that will determine the actions of governments, international agencies, civil society and other institutions over a period of time, adhering to the basic principles set out in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The 2030 Agenda provides a global vision that spans the entire spectrum of development. The 17 goals of the SDGs are aimed at eradicating poverty and hunger on the basis of restoration of natural resources and their sustainable management. As before, the goals combine three dimensions of sustainable development, namely economic, social and environmental, with closely interrelated goals: no goal is separate from others. The goals are universal, and the 2030 Agenda is relevant for both developed and developing countries.
The purpose of this article is to study the theoretical and methodological foundations of food security and nutrition monitoring under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Results. The new report on the state of food security and nutrition in the world will help identify problems and help monitor progress towards the MDGs. That is why the report focuses on internationally recognized goals and indicators. However, global indicators may not be able to reflect food insecurity situations that are changing rapidly, such as in conflicts and emergencies. Additional indicators, including the Food Consumption Index (FCS) or CSI, can be useful for national and subnational monitoring, and their use may be justified in the context of systematic analyzes such as the Integrated Food Safety Phase Classification (IPC). The unavailability of data does not allow relying on internationally agreed indicators.
Conclusions. It was found that the SDGs were developed as part of a holistic vision of sustainable development. Therefore, in order to make progress in SDG2, policy makers need to consider the interrelationships and critical interactions between SDG2 and all other goals. The monitoring system should also help to identify such links and the effectiveness of an integrated approach. It should go beyond simple tracking of indicators and provide evaluation tools to determine how interventions in different policy areas affect key outcomes and how achievements under one SDG help (or not) accelerate the progress of another. Future reports on the state of food security and nutrition in the world will contribute to the integrated monitoring of progress towards overcoming hunger and eradicating all forms of malnutrition (SGD 2.1 and 2.2) by assessing synergies and trade-offs with other SDG2. This will be done mostly at the global level through comparisons of regions and countries, as well as through case studies of countries.
Key words: food security, economic development, overcoming hunger, sustainable development of the agricultural sector, indicators, monitoring.
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The article was received 23.02.2021