Actual problems of innovative economy

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Diffusion of innovations in agricultural business in Ukraine

УДК: 330.341


Онегіна Вікторія Михайлівна
доктор економічних наук, професор,
завідувачка кафедри економіки та маркетингу, Харківський національний технічний університет сільського господарства імені Петра Василенка,
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0794-8032
Антощенкова Віталіна Володимирівна
кандидат економічних наук, доцент,
доцент кафедри економіки та маркетингу, Харківський національний технічний університет сільського господарства імені Петра Василенка,
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3963-6263

Introduction. Innovative development of socio-economic systems of different levels depends on the diffusion of innovations. The process of diffusion is accompanied by a spread of innovations, their establishment in the method of production and in the consumption patterns. The speed and scale of diffusion depend on many factors. In previous studies, social, marketing, geographical factors of innovations diffusion were identified.

The purpose of the research, the results of which are presented in the article, is to determine the impact of organizational and economic factors on the diffusion of innovations in modern agricultural business in Ukraine.

Results. The concept of diffusion of innovations has been clarified taking into account the object sphere of the research as a process of penetration, dissemination of innovations in the business environment, their active involvement, use and approval in the business practice. An important consequence of the diffusion of innovations is an increase of the productivity of factors of production by business entities. It was proved, that the growing trends of agricultural land productivity, which was estimated on the basis of crop yields, and labor productivity in agriculture in Ukraine are observed simultaneously with significant differentiation in factor productivity in agricultural business due to the heterogeneity of its modern organizational structure. Analysis of the impact of enterprise size on crop yields by means of grouping of enterprises by the size of the harvested area in 2019 confirmed the higher productivity of agricultural land, active involvement of innovations in the large enterprises.

Conclusions. The connection of innovative activity of agricultural enterprises in terms of attracting and using production and technological innovations, a consequence of which becomes higher factor productivity, with the size of agricultural enterprises, a significant impact of the resources provision of enterprises, especially land and financial resources, on the diffusion of innovation has been confirmed. The such model of the diffusion of innovations under increasing their value creates threats of the formation of a stable “technological gap” between large and medium and small enterprises in the agricultural business, which requires corrective measures of state agricultural policy.

Key words: diffusion of innovations, agricultural business, agricultural enterprise, factor productivity, yield of agricultural crops.


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The article was received 15.03.2021