Actual problems of innovative economy

The journal is added to the the List of printed scientific professional publications in the field of economic Sciences by the Ministry of education and science of Ukraine from 11.07.2016 No. 820
The journal is indexed in the International Scientific Center of Index Copernicus International

№ 1 / 2016

Actual problems of innovative economy № 1, 2016

Publication title page
Content

Innovation and investment factors of economic growth

  • GALUSHKO V.P. Efficiency of investments attraction
    in agroformations in the conditions of the market transformation………………………………………………… 5

    Abstract
    Galushko V.P. Efficiency of investments attraction in agroformations in the conditions of the market transformation
    This article is focused on the methodological approaches to determination of investment promotion efficiency to the agricultural enterprises within calculations of comparative and competing crops. This methodology is offered for definition of scientific and reasonable strategy of doing business in agriculture depending on level of agricultural formations’ financial and credit ensuring. Methodological approaches to determination of efficiency of attraction of investments in agricultural formations taking into calculations of comparative and competing crops are investigated. This article represents scientifically reasonable methodology for production priority of competing crops gives the chance of quantitative parameters determination of competitiveness crops taking into account profitability and expenses on their production. Such parameters give the chance to prove scientifically based strategy of conducting business activity depending on level of agricultural formations financial and credit ensuring. The results (proceeding from the financial statements of agricultural formations of the Forest-Steppe zone) specify that the most favorable crop at investments attraction in comparison with expenses and profitability of wheat, is soybean production (on the market situation in 2010). At the same time on the situation of 2013 it is more favorable to grow up corn.
  • GUBENKO V.I. Actual trends and the latest trends
    in the theory and practice of modern management………………………………………………………………….. 11

    Abstract
    Gubenko V.I. Actual trends and the latest trends in the theory and practice of modern management In the article the latest trends in management theory and practice in contemporary economy is substantiated topicality. The conceptual methods to the development of strategic management, which are based on the basis of knowledge and innovations are researched. The necessity and appropriateness of separating the new form of management, which will
    be based on the basis of knowledge and innovations are substantiated. It is proved that in modern economy knowledge enables generate an endless process of innovation that meets the changing needs of the dynamic, often forming them. In an economic downturn activation of manual control and domination of hierarchical corporate culture are perceived by the owners and top managers of Ukrainian companies, as inevitable and proposes an alternative model of corporate culture. It was determined that the rate at which the economic crisis has forced returns to manual control, has revealed the limitations of behavioral management and the lack of the understanding deficit of problems of building system business competencies.
  • SHUDLURSKI JACEK, ZAIKA S., GRIDIN O. Theoretical aspects of innovation activities ……………………………. 17
    Анотація
    Шудларскі Яцек, Заїка С.О., Грідін О.В. Теоретичні аспекти інноваційної діяльності
    Інноваційний шлях розвитку є визначальною складовою економічного зростання будь-якої країни світу.
    Досвід інших країн засвідчує, що лише за умови широкого впровадження інноваційних розробок можливо наповнити як український, так і світовий ринки конкурентоспроможною продукцією вітчизняного виробництва.
    Дане дослідження присвячено вивченню історії виникнення поняття «інновація» та розвитку теоретичних аспектів інноваційної діяльності.
    В результаті проведеного дослідження визначено необхідні та достатні умови, за яких можливий розвиток інноваційної діяльності. Встановлено, що достатні умови потребують фінансової підтримки, яка може бути здійснена за допомогою проектного фінансування.
    В процесі подальших досліджень планується приділити увагу питанням мотивації участі інвесторів в фінансуванні інвестиційних проектів.
    Ключові слова: інновація, нововведення, інноваційний розвиток, інноваційна діяльність, стратегічне управління, інноваційний менеджмент.

Entrepreneurship, markets of innovations, goods and services

  • RODIONOV A.V., RODIONOVA O.YU., MIROSHNICHENKO I.P.
    Approach to development of market potential of AІС enterprises ……………………………………. 25

    Abstract
    Rodionov A.V., Rodionova O.Yu., Miroshnichenko I.P. Approach to development of market potential of AІС enterprises
    In the article the approach to development of market potential of enterprises is resulted. Certain goal and having a special purpose orientation of development of market potential. Resulted aspects of development of market potential of enterprises of AІС marketing and nature protection. The elements of development of market potential of enterprises are set.
    Among the components of market potential, in modern conditions, it is appropriate to allocate the environmental component. Businesses must consider environmental requirements at all stages of the product life cycle of production enterprises. It is important to consider not only inform potential customers about products and services, but also to understand the requirements of effective interpretation of information about consumers, products, services, markets and competitors.
    Modern marketing potential should reflect the need of the consumer, society and the investor. Introduction in practice of activity of the enterprises of technology environmental marketing will contribute to the development of the enterprise and its sustainable existence.
  • PONOMAREVA M.S. State of entrepreneurship development
    in Ukraine milk grocery sector …………………………………………………………………….. 29

    Abstract
    Ponomareva M.S. State of entrepreneurship development in Ukraine milk grocery sector The state of the development of entrepreneurship in Ukraine milk grocery sector is presented in this article. Now the agricultural sector a rational structure of agricultural production should be formed in accordance with the terms of each of the agricultural enterprises and market needs. For the effective conduct of economic activity in the dairy production sector enterprises should be applied economic, economic, administrative and other mechanisms. At the state level should be implemented into practice an effective policy in the sector of agricultural products processing and production of high-quality, competitive finished products, both in domestic and foreign markets.

Modern development of rural areas

  • ONEGINA V.M., BATYUK L.A. Contemporary trends of development
    of rural territories as a threat to economic security of Ukraine ……………………………………. 33

    Abstract
    Onegina V.M., Batyuk L.A. Contemporary trends of development of rural territories as a threat to economic security of Ukraine
    The article identifies the main current trends in the development of rural areas of Ukraine: demographic losses in rural areas, the decline of social and industrial infrastructures, unemployment, increase in the number of rural people living below the poverty line; the difference between the concepts of «agricultural growth» and «rural development»; It noted that due to the financial crisis and the need to meet the requirements of the World Trade Organization, funding of agriculture in recent years due to the budget have been significantly reduced, which makes it impossible to use the potential of domestic agriculture; the necessity of evaluating contemporary trends in the development of rural areas of Ukraine as a threat to its economic and political security.
  • PLOTNIKOVA M.F. Innovative investment practice
    of rural development as sustainable socio-economic system………………………………….. 37

    Abstract
    Plotnikova M.F. Innovative investment practice of rural development as sustainable socio-economic
    system
    Development is an indispensable element of the systems existence that represent continuous movement, evolution of space and structures. The article describes how to search substantiation of directions and mechanisms in solving social problems through sustainable development under conditions of activation of internal potential of the territory. Every person dynamic systems, whose evolution can make the process of self-improvement. People change the environment by
    theirs existence. Human activity is possible only in harmony with nature, which is achieved through environmentally friendly waste-free life, bioadequate holistic approach to education and training, and maintenance of organic farming and permaculture design. Scientific novelty of the research lies in the systematic approach to the study of the theoretical, methodological and practical aspects of rural development with a view to ensuring its internal character, enhancing the role of private investment, introduction of innovations in livelihoods and economic conditions on the principles of publicprivate partnership. Analytical research from the standpoint of statistical analysis provides the practical significance of the data presented. The prospects for further research based on the methodological implementation of the mechanism of development of rural territories through the implementation of the concept of «family Homestead».

Financial and accounting analysis support innovation processes

  • STETSYUK P.A. Conceptual bases of development
    of methodology of financial management of agricultural companies ………………………………………………….. 45

    Abstract
    Stetsyuk P.A. Conceptual bases of development of methodology of financial management of agricultural companies
    The results of scientific analysis features and patterns of modern paradigm of enterprise financial management of the agricultural sector. The necessity of creating a new financial management system for small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises, adequate to the current economic conditions of their production and investment. Theoretical preconditions of methodology of financial management of agricultural enterprises, justified its systemic nature and logical
    relationship between the individual elements. Submitted general scheme of the system of financial management. Reveals the logical sequence of an effective system of financial management of agricultural enterprises.
  • GORUSTOVICH T.G., SHPAK A.P. Funding mechanism
    for innovative activity in Republic of Belarus……………………………………………….. 50

    Abstract
    Gorustovich T.G., Shpak A.P. Funding mechanism for innovative activity in Republic of Belarus In article the main aspects of functioning of a funding mechanism for innovative activity are investigated. To be told about need of the state stimulation of innovative activity and about the possible directions of improvement of such stimulation in Republic of Belarus. In work the basic concepts of financing of innovations are studied and concretized, basic elements of system of financing of innovations are considered. The author proves a problem of financing of innovative activity as the key factor constraining innovative development of the Belarusian enterprises. The carried-out analysis has allowed to develop a funding mechanism for innovations and to create the basic principles of its application.
  • MARENYCH T.G. Disclosure problems in the notes to the financial statements……………………………………………………………………………. 54
    Abstract
    Marenych T.G. Disclosure problems in the notes to the financial statements
    The article deals with the basic requirements for the compilation of the notes to the annual financial reports. The conclusion is made, that the notes are both full form of the financial report and its annexes. Considered part of the notes in accordance with current legislation, their disadvantages. It was determined that some accountant Ukrainian enterprises irresponsible to fulfill the requirements for drawing up the notes. Therefore, the notes to the financial reports do not provide useful information to diverse users, adversely affect the quality of economic decisions. It formed the main approaches to the standardization of notes. The main quality criterion of the notes to the financial statements is determined to achieve a balance between their complication, brevity and extensive disclosure requirements.
  • MALIY O.G. Tools of financial and credit provision of agricultural production………………………………………………………………………… 60
    Abstract
    Maliy O.H. Tools of financial and credit provision of agricultural production
    The article is the study of patterns and trends in credit provision, agrarian policy impact assessment on the financial condition of agricultural enterprises.
    Potential agricultural producers to access bank loans is determined by the following factors – the cost of credit resources of commercial banks, the ability of the borrower to return the principal loan and interest on it, and meet the conditions of the loan agreement.
    The cost of credit for agricultural producers today is 24-26 %, is more than of other activities – 22-23 %.
    Financial instability and the loss of many farms, low creditworthiness of the industry and hamper the development of credit relations, because banks want to see in borrowers paying customers only.
    Therefore, the main areas of the stabilization mechanism for lending to agricultural enterprises should be to develop a set of measures from the government and the banking system aimed at developing relationships with the agricultural sector, increase of budget allocations, efficient use of public funds and attracting foreign loans, lower interest rates for the agricultural sector while keeping the average rate in the economy in general, improving methods of assessing the creditworthiness of borrowers, which would take into account the specific features of the agricultural sector.

Social and economic risks

  • BATYUK, L.A., KRAVCHENKO, O.M. Socio-economic risks
    of modern globalization processes………………………………………………………………… 65

    Abstract
    Batyuk, L.A., Kravchenko, O.M. Socio-economic risks of modern globalization processes
    The article describes the basic social and economic risks of modern processes of globalization; it was determined that globalization, along with the positive, innovative, dynamic aspects is also destructive, regressive tendencies; collectively change the world development of the countries under the influence of globalization; it was found that the main risk is a destructive process of globalization of the traditional way of life for most people, which is regarded as a threat to human existence; it was invited to consider the phenomenon of globalization as an instrument of scientific support for management of modern socio-economic development through active search stabilizing effective mechanisms of state management of complex global relationships in the national interest.
  • CHOBITOK V.I. Methodological approach to formation
    of system risk assessment in industrial enterprises……………………………………………. 69

    Abstract
    Chobitok V.I. Methodological approach to formation of system risk assessment in industrial enterprises
    In the article the external and internal factors of origin of risks are considered on industrial enterprises. The algorithm of the methodical going is offered near forming of the system of estimation of risks on industrial enterprises through that the factors of origin of risk are determined on industrial enterprises, the choice of methods of estimation of risks is conducted and effective administrative decisions are formed on the decline of level of risks and their neutralization.
    By a basic condition for the achievement of successes with activity of industrial enterprises, creation and perfection of effective control system are risks. Forming of the system of estimation of risks on industrial enterprises must include not only authentication of risks but also to estimate them and can determine to undertake them industrial enterprise, and also to determine, the expected profitableness is justified from risks.
  • KOLOMIETS N.O. Investment risks and the nature …………………………………………………… 73
    Abstract
    Kolomiets N. Investment risks and the nature
    The article deals with the main approaches to the definition of «investment risk», an analysis of the main methods of quantitative and qualitative evaluation of investment risks identified their positive and negative features, the use of which will enhance the economic rationale of decisions in the field of management of investment processes. Identify options for accelerating the implementation of investment programs, as investment activity associated with investing significant financial resources, as a rule, over a long period, it may lead to a decrease in the solvency of the investor, the timely payment of current accounts and payment obligations of the counterparty, the state budget like. The latter should be implemented as soon as possible, as this helps to speed up the economic development of the enterprises (organizations), the rapid development of cash flows in the form of return on investment and depreciation, reduction of terms of use of credit resources, a reduction of investment risks related to adverse changes in market conditions. Under adverse conditions, they can lead to the loss of not only income but also part of the investment capital.

 

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